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Sprain and Strain are the most common type of musculoskeletal injury. They occur when the body’s joints and extremities are traumatized, and often happen while playing a sport or from a fall or accident.

What is a sprain?

A sprain is an injury to the tissue, called a ligament, that connects two bones together. The injury can be an overstretching or tear of the ligament causing pain, swelling, and loss of full function of that body part.

What is a strain?

A strain is an injury to the tissue, called a tendon, that connects muscle to bone. The injury can be an overstretching or tear of the ligament causing pain, swelling, and loss of full function of that body part.

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What are the symptoms of sprains and strains?

  • Bruising
  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Decreased motion, limited flexibility
  • Muscle spasm
  • Redness

What are risk factors for a sprain or strain?

  • Environmental conditions. Wet, slippery or uneven ground can increase your risk for injury.
  • Fatigue. Exhausted muscles have a hard time supporting joints.
  • Poor equipment. Old worn out or poorly fitting shoes can increase the risk of injury

How are sprains and strains treated?

These types of injuries are generally treated with Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation (RICE). These are the mainstays of treatment and sometimes anti-inflammatory medication like ibuprofen can be helpful. Getting back to a sport too son can sometimes make a mild injury more serious, never play through pain.

How are sprains and strains prevented?

These types of injuries are prevented by keeping fit, strengthening muscles and joints, wearing good quality shoes that fit properly, and knowing when enough is enough. Many injuries happen at he end of the day or sporting session, when muscles are fatigued and tired. Stop before reaching that point.

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