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If you want to check your blood pressure or need help managing it, please call us at 541-388-7799.

Hypertension is commonly known as “high Blood Pressure” and affects millions of Americans. It is a major cause of serious illness and disability like chronic kidney disease, heart attack, and stroke. The most dangerous aspect of hypertension is that it usually doesn’t cause any symptoms until its too late, that is why its often referred to as the “silent killer”.

Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure measured in millimeters of mercury (mm hg) inside of the body’s arteries and has two numbers. The first is known as the systolic blood pressure and is measured at the peak of the heart’s contraction and the second, often a lower number, is measured during the heart’s relaxation phase, called the diastolic blood pressure. A normal blood pressure is 120/80, and both numbers are equally important to one’s health.

Abnormal blood pressure is when the numbers rise above acceptable levels. The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults (2017 Guideline) states that high blood pressure is defined by a systolic of greater than 130 and a diastolic value greater than 80. The treatment of hypertension depends on many factors like other health conditions, diagnoses, and the absolute number in addition to whether the high blood pressure is associated with certain symptoms.

Often treatment can begin with life style modifications like diet, weight loss when appropriate and exercise. One of the most studied and clinically effective diet to help manage blood pressure is called the DASH Diet. It is based on the following:

  • Eating vegetables, fruits, and whole grains
  • Including fat-free or low-fat dairy products, fish, poultry, beans, nuts, and vegetable oils
  • Limiting foods that are high in saturated fat, such as fatty meats, full-fat dairy products, and tropical oils such as coconut, palm kernel, and palm oils
  • Limiting sugar-sweetened beverages and sweets

Other than diet, lifestyle changes can be employed like the following:

  • Getting at least 150 minutes of physical activity each week (about 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week)
  • Not smoking
  • Limiting sodium (salt) and alcohol
  • Keeping a healthy weight
  • Managing stress

When conservative measures aren’t enough, medications often need to be employed to control the blood pressure and reduce one’s chances of serious medical complications. Most medications are safe and well tolerated and will require monitoring often to include blood work.

If you want to check your blood pressure or need help managing it, please call us at 541-388-7799.

High Blood Pressure: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

The United States has the highest prevalence of hypertension as a primary diagnosis. In the United States, approximately 86 million people over 20 suffer from the disease. As well as myocardial infarction, stroke, and chronic kidney disease, it is a significant risk factor for hypertension.

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a common condition that affects people of all ages. It occurs when the force of the blood against the walls of the arteries is too high. Many factors can contribute to high blood pressure, including genetics, lifestyle, diet, and certain medical conditions.

The good news is that you can control high blood pressure, and several treatments are available. You must see your Prineville family doctor for a diagnosis if you think you may have high blood pressure. You’ll find information about high blood pressure’s causes, symptoms, and treatments here.

What Is High Blood Pressure(hypertension)?

In simple terms, blood pressure is the pressure exerted by blood on the walls of blood vessels. High blood pressure occurs when your body’s blood vessel walls are consistently under too much pressure. As a “silent killer,” because it takes place within the body but is not visible to the human eye, high blood pressure is referred to as “the silent killer.”

Blood pressure readings have two numbers. As your heart beats or contracts, your systolic blood pressure increases, measuring the pressure on your blood vessel walls. As your heart relaxes, your diastolic blood pressure measures the pressure on your blood vessels.

Types of high blood pressure.

In general, high blood pressure falls into two categories.

Primary hypertension

High blood pressure is not an identifiable cause in most adults. This form of high blood pressure is called essential hypertension or primary hypertension. It usually develops gradually over a long period. An increase in blood pressure is caused by plaque buildup in the arteries, known as atherosclerosis.

Secondary hypertension

A condition underlying high blood pressure causes this type of high blood pressure. A sudden increase in blood pressure is typical of secondary hypertension. 

Causes of high blood pressure

The following conditions can lead to high blood pressure:

  • kidney disease
  • kidney infections
  • diabetes
  • glomerulonephritis (damage to the kidney’s filters)
  • Narrowing of kidney arteries
  • obstructive sleep apnoea (a disturbance of breathing caused by relaxing throat muscles during sleep)
  • lupus (an autoimmune disorder that causes damage to the skin, joints, and organs of the body)
  • hormone problems (including hypothyroidism, an overthyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, acromegaly, hyperaldosteronism, and phaeochromocytoma)
  • scleroderma (thickened skin and organ and vessels problems)

Symptoms of high blood pressure

Symptoms of extremely high blood pressure may include:

  • Severe headaches
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Nosebleed
  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue or confusion
  • Bloody urine
  • Vision problems
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Chest, neck, or ear pounding

High Blood Pressure Treatment

It is essential to follow-up care for high blood pressure patients.

  • The doctor should see you once a month once you start treatment for high blood pressure. Diauretics lower potassium levels, while ARBs and ACE inhibitors raise them. Your doctor may check your potassium levels once a year. In addition to electrolyte levels, you can assess your kidney health by checking your BUN and creatinine levels.
  • It depends on whether you have other diseases, such as heart failure, and whether you need to see your doctor after reaching your blood pressure goal every 3 to 6 months.
  • People with diabetes, heart attacks, or strokes are advised to keep their blood pressure under control to prevent a recurrence. Keep your blood pressure readings in line with your doctor’s recommendations.
  • Hardening the arteries and aging can contribute to an increase in systolic blood pressure. An old treatment might not be as effective as it once was. Changing your drug dosage or prescribing a new medication may be necessary.
  • Your follow-up visits should screen you periodically for high blood pressure-related damage to your heart, eyes, brain, kidneys, and peripheral arteries.
  • If you are experiencing any side effects from your medication, inform your doctor during your follow-up visit. Your doctor may suggest ways to cope with side effects or change your treatment altogether.
  • Additionally, follow-up visits should include monitoring other blood lipids and obesity risk factors.

If you want to check your blood pressure or need help managing it, please call us at 541-388-7799.

Measuring blood pressure

Mild, moderate, and severe hypertension are all possible. During physical activity, such as exercising, you naturally have higher blood pressure. Elevated blood pressure is only a concern at rest, as it indicates an overworked heart and arteries.

Two measurements make up a blood pressure reading as follows:

  • Systolic – A heart’s systolic pressure is highest when it pumps blood against its arteries. Typically, the systolic pressure ranges between 110mmHg and 130mmHg.
  • Diastolic – This refers to the pressure the heart exerts against the arteries when it relaxes and fills with blood. Normal diastolic pressure ranges between 70 and 80 mmHg.

Is high blood pressure harmful to a pregnant woman?

In about 10% of pregnancies, high blood pressure is a problem. High blood pressure associated with pregnancy can be mild to severe, depending on the type. Pregnant women can experience high blood pressure in the following ways:

  • Chronic hypertension: High blood pressure that exists before pregnancy.
  • Gestational hypertension: Hypertension that occurs at the end of pregnancy.
  • High blood pressure and preeclampsia: People with chronic hypertension while pregnant are more likely to develop preeclampsia.
  • Preeclampsia is a dangerous condition in pregnancy that causes high blood pressure and protein in the urine of a pregnant person. Seizures (eclampsia) can result from it affecting other organs.

When to See a Doctor

It is essential to see a doctor as soon as possible if you experience any of these symptoms. If you are experiencing a hypertensive crisis, you could suffer a heart attack or stroke. It is also possible that you have another serious medical condition.

Headaches or nosebleeds are not typical symptoms of high blood pressure. When the blood pressure is over 180/120, this may occur during a hypertensive crisis. Recheck your blood pressure after resting for 5 minutes if it is incredibly high and you also have these symptoms. A medical emergency exists if you’re still experiencing high blood pressure. Call 911.

A person with high blood pressure usually doesn’t show any symptoms. Thus, it is vital to get it checked regularly. The American Heart Association recommends having blood pressure checked annually during routine health visits for adults with normal blood pressure. In addition, health resource fairs in your community may be able to check it for you.

Your doctor may recommend blood pressure monitoring at home if you have high blood pressure. A home monitor may be more effective than a store-based monitor. Your doctor will recommend medications and lifestyle changes to lower your blood pressure.

A patient with uncontrolled hypertension is more likely to suffer a stroke, heart attack, kidney failure, or eye disease.

Conclusion

High blood pressure can cause various health issues, such as heart and kidney disease, diabetes, lupus, and hormone problems. Those who think they may have high blood pressure should see a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and treatment. Prineville primary care is a great place to start.

We treat patients of all ages, regardless of illness. Our goal is to discover how you live, your health challenges, and your lifestyle. With our help, you will establish and achieve your goals while identifying small concerns before they become bigger. In case of illness or injury, you can also contact us. You can count on us for the health care of your family!

If you want to check your blood pressure or need help managing it, please call us at 541-388-7799.