Do you have high blood pressure (hypertension) and live in Central Oregon? What treatments are available to lower your blood pressure? Looking for a comprehensive list of FAQs about high blood pressure?
If you answered yes to any of these questions, you’ve come to the right place! This blog post will give you everything you need to know about high blood pressure, its causes, symptoms, and treatments.
What is high blood pressure?
High blood pressure, also referred to as hypertension, is a condition in which the force of your blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease. A person’s blood pressure is determined by how much blood their heart pumps and how tightly their arteries are narrowed—the more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure.
High blood pressure usually doesn’t have symptoms so it can go undetected for years. That’s why it’s important to get your blood pressure checked regularly. If it’s high, treatment can help prevent damage to your arteries, heart, and kidneys.
What are the causes of hypertension?
There are many possible causes of hypertension, but the most common cause is uncontrolled blood sugar. Other causes include Health conditions that can cause high blood pressure, kidney disease, diabetes, long-term kidney infections, obstructive sleep apnea, glomerulonephritis (The kidneys’ tiny filters are damaged), hormone problems, lupus, and scleroderma.
Who gets high blood pressure?
Older people and people with a family history of hypertension are more likely to suffer from high blood pressure. Those who are overweight are also more likely to experience it. Despite this, high blood pressure can strike thin young people without a family history, so you should not assume that you are immune.
What are the symptoms and signs of hypertension?
The symptoms of hypertension can include headaches, dizziness, shortness of breath, Chest pain, Blurred vision, and Nosebleeds. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should see your doctor.
What do blood pressure numbers mean?
A blood pressure measurement is based on two numbers: The first number contains information about the pressure inside your arteries during your heartbeat or systolic blood pressure. In a second number, diastolic blood pressure, your heart’s pressure peaks between beats.
The measurement of 120 systolic and 80 diastolic, for example, would be written as “120 over 80,” or “120/80 mmHg.”
How is blood pressure measured?
The blood pressure is measured by a device known as a blood pressure monitor. You wear a cuff (thick band) over your arm. The cuff is connected to a machine that measures artery pressure. The cuff tightens when the machine is turned on and then gradually loosens again. It is painless and quick. Afterward, the machine will display your blood pressure.
What is a normal blood pressure reading?
It is considered normal if your blood pressure is less than 120/80 mmHg.
You should also be aware of the following blood pressure ranges:
- Prehypertension: 121-139/80-89
- Hypertension in Stage 1: 140-159/90-99
- Hypertension in Stage 2: >160/>100
A high blood pressure reading may be confirmed by taking several readings over time to determine the cause, such as exercise, sleep, posture, and stress.
Which medicines can raise your blood pressure?
Several medicines can raise your blood pressure, including the contraceptive pill, steroids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (i.e., ibuprofen and naproxen), some herbal remedies, pharmacy cough, and cold remedies, some recreational drugs (i.e., cocaine and amphetamines, selective serotonin-noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SSNRI), antidepressants (such as venlafaxine)). Once the medication or drug is stopped, your blood pressure will return to normal.
How common is hypertension ?
Around 4 in 10 adults over 25 in many countries suffer from hypertension, and another 1 in 5 suffer from prehypertension.
Nine out of ten adults living to the age of 80 will develop hypertension.
Most diseases related to blood pressure occur in people with high blood pressure, even within the normal range.
Does my blood pressure also affect my children?
It is estimated that 25% of individuals with one hypertensive parent will develop hypertension themselves. A child born to hypertensive parents has a 50% chance of developing hypertension.
Is hypertension harmful to my body?
A high blood pressure condition left untreated over the years might lead to a heart attack or stroke due to damage to the heart and brain’s blood vessels. As a result, the heart muscle becomes thicker, resulting in heart failure, and the kidneys suffer damage and fail.
Does blood pressure change?
The blood pressure of a single individual can vary considerably. A person’s blood pressure increases or decreases depending on what they do daily. Changing posture, exercising, and even talking can affect blood pressure.
Daytime blood pressure is higher than at night, and winter blood pressure is higher than summer blood pressure. The systolic blood pressure of our hearts also increases as we age. It occurs before adulthood for blood pressure to rise with height.
Blood pressure and weight are closely linked in adulthood. It is possible to lower blood pressure by losing weight because obesity raises a person’s blood pressure.
Should high hypertension be treated?
Good clinical practice aims to reduce high blood pressure levels whenever possible to reduce the risk of complications such as heart attack and stroke.
The first step in treating obesity is to alter one’s lifestyle by losing weight, reducing sodium intake, reducing alcohol consumption, or exercising. The use of drugs is usually necessary if these approaches fail to lower blood pressure to an acceptable level.
Does hypertension go away on its own?
Hypertension is a medical condition that rarely goes away on its own. In general, blood pressure increases with time, and the risk of complications increases over time.
Can high blood pressure be cured?
Modern therapeutic approaches to lowering blood pressure are effective and generally very safe in the long run, despite not being ‘cured.’ High blood pressure typically returns fairly quickly if treatment is stopped.
Which things can increase your risk of getting hypertension ?
Some factors can increase your risk of high blood pressure, but the cause is not always clear. The following may put you at greater risk are overweight, don’t eat enough fruit and vegetables and overeating salt, do not do enough exercise, overconsuming alcohol or coffee (or other caffeine-containing drinks), smoking, Lack of sleep or disturbed sleep, having a relative with high blood pressure, Black Africans and black Caribbeans and living in a deprived area. If your blood pressure is already high, lifestyle changes can help lower it.
How can I prevent and manage high blood pressure?
Lifestyle changes can lower high blood pressure or maintain healthy numbers in people with high blood pressure. Consult your doctor about this
- Physical activity for at least 150 minutes a week (30 minutes a day, five days a week)
- Drink less alcohol and eat a healthy diet
- Not smoking
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Managing stress
When does hypertension become dangerously high?
The risk of stroke and heart attack increases with higher blood pressure, regardless of the degree of hypertension. In the first instance, lifestyle changes, such as dietary and exercise, might be sufficient to reduce blood pressure if it is persistently 140/90 or higher.
It is usually necessary to begin drug treatment immediately if blood pressure is consistently over 160/110 rather than relying solely on lifestyle changes. A blood pressure of over 200/120 is considered potentially dangerous and needs emergency treatment if associated with visual problems or heart failure, for instance.
High blood pressure: how do I know if I have it?
A person who has high blood pressure usually does not feel any symptoms. A healthcare professional usually diagnoses hypertension during a routine checkup. If you have a family member with hypertension or other risk factors, paying close attention to your blood pressure readings is especially critical.
Your doctor will use a blood pressure cuff to determine your high blood pressure. When taking your blood pressure, you should consider both your high (systolic) and low (diastolic) numbers. You may suffer from intense headaches, chest pains, difficulty breathing or decreased exercise tolerance if you have high blood pressure. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should seek medical attention right away.
Why is exercise important for hypertension patients?
Exercise reduces blood pressure values. As well as lowering heart rate, it reduces the risks of angina and heart attacks (ischaemic cardiomyopathy). In addition, it relieves anxiety and promotes calcium uptake, improves cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and contributes to weight loss.
Which testing is conducted if your high blood pressure remains high?
Your doctor will likely perform further tests if your blood pressure remains high. A few of these tests include a cholesterol test and other blood tests. The electrocardiogram (ECG) measures electrical activity in your heart, a Kidney or heart ultrasound, and an at-home monitor measures your blood pressure 24 hours a day.
A blood pressure test can detect any secondary issues. Also, they can examine possible organ damage caused by high blood pressure. The doctor may begin treating hypertension as soon as it is diagnosed. A quick diagnosis and treatment can reduce your risk of long-term damage.
Which medications are used to treat hypertension?
The following medications are used to treat hypertension:
- ACE inhibitors
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
- Calcium channel blockers
- Alpha-2 agonists
Is there a treatment option for high blood pressure?
Several factors influence your doctor’s decision regarding the right treatment option. Several factors contribute to hypertension, including your type and cause.
Hypertension Primary treatment: Lifestyle changes may help reduce your high blood pressure if your doctor diagnoses you with primary hypertension. Your doctor may prescribe medication if lifestyle changes do not work or stop working.
Hypertension secondary treatments: A physician can treat hypertension if an underlying condition causes it. Your doctor might prescribe another medication if the one you’re taking causes increased blood pressure. In some cases, persistent hypertension persists despite treatment of the underlying cause. Make lifestyle changes and take medications to help reduce your blood pressure.
Often, hypertension treatment plans evolve. Over time, a good outcome may lose its usefulness. You will continue to refine your treatment with your doctor.
What Are the Side Effects of hypertension Drugs?
Every medication has side effects, including high blood pressure drugs. Here are some common ones, such as
- Diuretics: weakness, headache, low potassium blood levels
- Angiotensin receptor blockers: dizziness or fainting, fatigue, diarrhea, congestion,
- ACE inhibitors: headache, dry and persistent cough, high potassium blood levels, diarrhea
- Beta-blockers: lightheadedness, drowsiness, decreased sexual ability, fatigue, low heart rate
- Calcium channel blockers: dizziness, heart rhythm problems, ankle swelling, constipation
- Alpha-blockers: headache, nausea, pounding heartbeat, weakness, weight gain
What is the Best Diet for hypertension ?
A DASH diet is a low-sodium, low-cholesterol, and high-fiber diet. It has been shown to improve blood pressure in some people with high blood pressure. A DASH diet plan has four essential components:
High in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat milk
(1) Moderate amounts of lean meats, poultry, fish, and beans
(2) Low to moderate amounts of cheese and whole-fat dairy products
(3) Foods to limit: salt; saturated fat; trans fat; added sugars; red meat; processed meats; sugary drinks such as soda or fruit juice
(4) Foods rich in potassium: potatoes; bananas; dried fruit; tomatoes; citrus fruits
How effective is a low-salt diet?
The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends limiting your daily salt intake to less than 2 grams per day (1 gram of sodium). Most Americans consume about 3 grams daily, which is too much for most people with hypertension. However, it’s important to note that the effect of a low-sodium diet on blood pressure has been mixed. For example, one study found that people who followed a reduced-sodium diet had lower systolic blood pressure than those who did not.
What should I eat when I have high blood pressure?
High blood pressure is often caused by excess sodium in the diet, so it’s essential to get enough potassium and calcium, magnesium, and fiber. Most Americans consume too much sodium and need more potassium, calcium, magnesium, or fiber. Too much sodium can raise blood pressure because it causes water retention in the body; potassium helps balance water retention by regulating fluid intake and eliminating excess water from the body.
In conclusion, high blood pressure is a serious medical condition that can lead to serious health complications. If you have high blood pressure, it is important to see a doctor for a diagnosis and to get started on a treatment plan.
There are many ways to get high blood pressure near you. You can visit your primary care doctor, an urgent care center, or a walk-in clinic. You can also get high blood pressure at many pharmacies. If you have health insurance, your insurer may have a list of in-network providers who offer high blood pressure testing. You can also search for “high blood pressure near me” online. Once you’ve found a few options, call to ask if they offer this high blood pressure treatment.