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Gout is a painful inflammatory arthritic condition caused in part by the deposition of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals in joints, bones, and soft tissues. The bloodstream, in gout patients, has a high amount of uric acid which forms crystals and inflammation develops as a response causing redness, swelling, and pain in joints and soft tissue. Gout is best diagnosed and managed by a family doctor who will ask you questions, examine your affected body part and order labs and sometimes x-rays. If the diagnosis is confirmed, the primary care provider will then direct treatment at reducing the inflammation and the blood level of uric acid.

If you have a red, swollen and painful body part, its best to let a family doctor discuss your concerns, make a diagnosis, and direct treatment. Call us today at 541-388-7799 for more information.

An attack of gout can last for days to weeks, usually affects one joint at a time, and can be followed by long periods of disease inactivity, or remission. Gout can occur in any joint, but the most common locations are the big toe, knee, and ankle.

There are a number of things that increase one’s chances of gout:

  • Male Sex
  • Obesity
  • Purine-rich foods: red meat, organ meat, and some kinds of seafood, such as anchovies, sardines, mussels, scallops, trout, and tuna.
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Use of diuretics
  • Kidney Disease, Congestive Heart Failure, Diabetes, and Hypertension

How Can I Mange Gout?

  • Avoid excessive amounts of red meat, seafood and organ meat like liver.
  • Loose weight
  • Limit alcohol intake
  • Avoid activities that damage or wear down the body’s joints…running and jumping. Wear well cushioned shoes.
  • Stay well hydrated

The management of gout includes the above mentioned lifestyle modifications in addition to medication therapy directed at reducing the inflammation during an attack usually with medications like steroids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, and colchicine. The other strategy is to reduce the overall uric acid level in the blood stream and the primary care provider may prescribe medications like allopurinol, febuxostat, and pegloticase. These often will lower the overall level of uric acid, prevent crystal deposition and reduce the number and intensity of attacks.

Call us today at 541-388-7799 for an appointment.