Diabetes is an abnormal elevation in the blood’s glucose level. A normal fasting blood glucose (FBG) level ranges from about 70 to 100 ng/dl, and diabetes is diagnosed when the fasting level is greater than 126 ng/dl.
Did you know that there are over 415 million people living with diabetes in the world? Did you know that this number is growing at an alarming rate every year? Did you know that almost 90% of people with diabetes don’t even know it? Did you know that more than half of all diabetes-related deaths occur from complications related to the disease, rather than the disease itself? If you answered yes to any of those questions, then this article is for you. There are many things about living with diabetes that most people take for granted. Eating healthy, exercising regularly, and monitoring your blood sugar levels can be challenging at times. Fortunately, there are many resources out there to help make life a bit easier. This article will provide insights on how to manage this disease and live a healthy and happy life!
There are two main types of diabetes, diabetes mellitus and insipidus. Diabetes mellitus is further broken down into Insulin Dependent Diabetes (IDDM) and Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes (NIDDM). Insulin dependent diabetes is often diagnosed in early childhood and is an autoimmune disorder in these individuals diagnosed at a young age. Non-insulin dependent diabetes is often acquired later in life and is usually associated with obesity, but often these individuals can end up needing insulin. NIDDM is managed initially with oral medications and there are multiple classes to choose from. For IDDM, insulin is required and there are different types based on action time: slow time to onset and long duration, medium time to onset and medium length of duration, and short time to onset and action. The doctor will develop a medication plan that best suits the individual.
Diabetes: The Silent Epidemic Affecting Millions
Diabetes is a disease that has been steadily on the rise in America for the past few years. In fact, according to the American Diabetes Association, as of 2021, 29 million Americans have diabetes, and another 86 million have prediabetes. That’s nearly one-third of the population! It’s a scary statistic, but even more frightening is the fact that most people with prediabetes don’t even know they have it.
In this article, we’re going to take a closer look at diabetes, what it is, how it affects the body, and what you can do to prevent or manage it. So, let’s get started!
What Is Diabetes?
In simple terms, diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood sugar (glucose) levels are too high. Glucose is a type of sugar that is found in the bloodstream and is used by the body for energy. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps to regulate blood sugar levels.
There are two main types of diabetes: type one and type two.
- Type 1 diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a form of the disease that is usually diagnosed in childhood. In type one diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. This means that the body cannot properly regulate blood sugar levels. Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes daily injections of insulin.
- Type 2 diabetes: Type 2 diabetes, also known as adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes, is the most common form of the disease. In type 2 diabetes, the body does not provide the required insulin, or the cells do not properly use the insulin that is produced. This can lead to a build-up of sugar in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is often treated with oral medications but may also require insulin therapy.
What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetes?
The symptoms of diabetes can vary depending on the type of diabetes and how well controlled it is. However, some common symptoms include:
One of the most common symptoms of diabetes is fatigue. Fatigue is when you feel tired and have no energy. It can be caused by high blood sugar levels, which prevent your body from using insulin properly.
2. Increased Thirst
If you have diabetes, you may find yourself feeling thirsty more often than normal. This is because increased thirst is a common symptom of high blood sugar levels.
3. Frequent Urination
Frequent urination is another common symptom of diabetes. When your blood sugar levels are too high, your body tries to rid itself of the excess sugar by flushing it out through your urine. This can lead to more trips to the bathroom and increased thirst.
4. Blurred Vision
High blood sugar levels can cause your eyesight to become blurry. This is because the sugar in your blood can cause changes in the shape of your eyeball, which alters the way light enters your eye.
5. Slow-Healing Wounds
If you have diabetes, you may find that wounds and cuts take longer to heal than normal. This is because diabetes can cause changes in the blood vessels, which can lead to reduced blood flow and a slower healing process.
6. Frequent Infections
Diabetes can also weaken your immune system, which makes it more difficult for your body to fight off infections. As a result, you may find yourself getting more colds and other infections.
7. Nerve Damage
High blood sugar levels can damage the nerves in your body. This can cause symptoms such as tingling, numbness, and pain in your hands and feet.
8. Skin Problems
Diabetes can also cause a number of skin problems, including:
- Itchy skin
- Dry skin
- Slow-healing wounds
- Yeast infections
If you have any of these symptoms, it’s important to see your doctor so they can diagnose and treat your diabetes. Left untreated, diabetes can lead to serious complications, such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney damage.
What Causes Diabetes?
The exact cause of diabetes is unknown. However, it is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Several genes are linked to type 1 diabetes, and they are believed to play a role in the body’s immune system. The immune system is responsible for attacking and destroying viruses and bacteria. However, in people with type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakes the body’s own healthy cells for foreign invaders. As a result, the immune system attacks and destroys the beta cells in the pancreas where the insulin is produced.
Type 1 diabetes is believed to have a strong genetic link, meaning that it tends to run in families. However, the exact genes that are responsible for causing the condition are unknown.
2. Environmental Factors
Environmental factors, such as viral infections, can play a role in the development of type 1 diabetes. A common virus that may trigger the disease is called cytomegalovirus (CMV).
When CMV infects people with type 1 diabetes, it does so by damaging the beta cells in the pancreas. This damage leads to the body’s immune system attacking and destroying the beta cells. As a result, the pancreas can no longer produce insulin.
There is also evidence that other viruses, such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Coxsackie virus, may be involved in the development of type 1 diabetes. However, more research is needed to confirm this link.
3. Autoimmune Reaction
An autoimmune reaction is when your body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy cells in your body. In the case of type 1 diabetes, the autoimmune reaction is against the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. This attack causes the destruction of the beta cells and leads to a decrease in insulin production.
When there is a decrease in insulin production, the body is unable to use glucose for energy effectively. This can lead to an increase in blood sugar levels, which can be damaging to the body over time.
These are the most commonly known causes of diabetes. However, the exact cause is still unknown. Researchers are continuing to look for other possible causes, such as viral infections and environmental factors.
After all this talk about diabetes, you might be wondering if you have it. The best way to find out is to see your doctor. They can run some tests and let you know for sure. If you do have diabetes, don’t worry. With proper treatment, you can live a long and healthy life.
Mountain Medical Urgent Care can help you get the care you need. We offer same-day appointments and walk-in services, so you can get the help you need fast. We also offer convenient online check-in, so you can save time when you come in for your appointment. Don’t wait until things go wrong. Get the care you need today from Bend Urgent Care.
How to Manage Your Diabetes Medication: A Guide for Those Who Have Trouble Taking Their Prescriptions
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Those who have been diagnosed with diabetes know that it’s an arduous disease. It can be challenging to manage, and even more challenging to manage while juggling the stressors of everyday life. The good news is that you don’t have to suffer through this alone! There are plenty of resources out there that can help you manage your diabetes. One of the most important things you can do to manage your diabetes is make sure you take your medication as prescribed by your doctor. Medication management isn’t always easy, but these tips will help get you on track in no time.
Make a schedule and stick to it
One of the most important things you can do to stay on track with taking your diabetes medication is to create a schedule and stick to it. One of the first things you may want to do is look at when you take your medication. If you have insulin, for example, you’ll want to make sure you take it around the same time each day. If you have pills, it’s a good idea to take them with food (or at least with something in your stomach). That’s just the beginning, though. You should also ask yourself when you have other obligations throughout the day. For example, if you have a job, when do you eat lunch? Do you have a break around a certain time? By thinking about when you have obligations and when you need to take your medication, you can create a schedule that fits with your day-to-day life. This is a great way to make sure you’re staying organized and taking your medication on time.
Try pill reminders
Another helpful way to make sure you take your medication is by using pill reminders. Pill reminders are alarms or notifications that make sure you take your medicine at the right time. There are several different ways that you can do this. For example, you can set an alarm on your phone or computer. You can also get an app that reminds you to take your medication. You can also use a pill box that has compartments for each day of the week. These are helpful because you can put your medication in each compartment and then put the whole box on your countertop where you’ll see it every day. This way, you’ll know when you have to take your medication. And pill reminders are helpful for more than just your diabetes medication. You can use them for any medication you have to take regularly, such as blood pressure or heart medications.
Find the easiest way for you to take your medication
When it comes to taking your diabetes medication, you have to find the easiest way for you to take it. For example, if you have to take pills, are they small enough to swallow easily? Are they easy to break apart if you need to? You may want to try each option to see which is easiest for you. Another thing to think about is how quickly your medication gets into your system. For example, if you have diabetes, you want your insulin to get into your system as quickly as possible. If you’re taking pills, you can take the medication with some food. That way, food in your stomach slows the process down, making it easier for the insulin to get into your bloodstream.
Staying hydrated is important for a lot of things. One of them being that it can help you manage your diabetes better. In fact, drinking enough water each day can help prevent a number of diseases and conditions, including diabetes. If you have diabetes, your blood glucose levels may be higher than normal. This can cause a number of problems, including health complications. Research shows that drinking enough water can help lower blood glucose levels. That doesn’t mean you have to drink a certain amount of water each day. Instead, you should drink when you’re thirsty. You should also check with your doctor to make sure you’re drinking enough water.
Don’t be afraid to ask for help
If you’re having a hard time managing your diabetes, don’t be afraid to ask for help. There are plenty of support groups and resources out there that can help you with your diabetes. A good place to start is with your doctor and your pharmacist. Your doctor will be able to help you with your diagnosis and medication. Your pharmacist can help you with other aspects of managing your diabetes, such as finding the easiest way for you to take your medication. You can also talk to others who are in your shoes. You can find support groups online, or you can join a local diabetes support group. Taking care of your diabetes can be challenging, but with the right support, you can take control of your health. You can also keep your loved ones informed about what you’re doing to stay healthy, so they can help support you, too.
When you have diabetes, it can be easy to let your medication fall by the wayside. This is completely normal and understandable. The important thing is to realize this and to work to correct it. The tips in this article can help you stay on top of your diabetes management. So, make sure you bookmark this article and refer back to it whenever you need a reminder of how to stay on top of your diabetes.
The Cost of Diabetes
When it comes to cost of living, we all know that certain cities are more expensive than others. But what you might not realize is how much a disease like diabetes can drive up your expenses and strain your wallet.
That’s because there’s no single answer to the question, “How much does living with diabetes cost?” The financial burden of this disease can be an unexpected challenge for anyone. It doesn’t matter if you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, the costs associated with this disease are significant in almost every case. From regular doctor visits and testing supplies to unexpected complications from high blood sugar levels and the costs of treating them—it all adds up fast. Fortunately, there are ways to manage these expenses and keep your bank account from taking as big a hit as your blood sugar levels after eating that last piece of pie.