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What is Blood Pressure?

Blood pressure is the pressure within the body’s arterial vascular system, or the pressure that exerts a force onto the interior walls of the arteries. It’s a product of cardiac output ( the hearts force created by a beat) and the systemic arterial resistance ( the compliance of the arteries) BP= CO x SVR. This pressure is critical to delivering oxygen and nutrient rich blood to all of the body’s organs and tissues. In order for the body’s blood pressure to function properly, it cant be too low or high. A normal healthy pressure is determined to be 120/80.

High blood pressure (hypertension) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

The blood pressure is broken into two numbers: the first is the systolic and the second is the diastolic number. The systolic number represents the pressure during the contraction of the heart, i.e. a heart beat. The second is the diastolic number or the pressure within the arterial system during relaxation, after the contraction but before the next one. Both numbers are important and abnormalities in each have unique consequences.

What is High Blood Pressure?

High Blood Pressure is also known as “hypertension” which is when the blood pressure is above 140 systolic and 90 diastolic. It can be caused by a number of factors like age, hormonal disturbances, injury, obesity, diabetes, and unhealthy life style choices like smoking.

What are the complications of Hypertension?

Hypertension can cause damage to vital organs in the body. Much like putting to much pressure in a balloon, the surface may rupture under too much tension. The same thing can happen to blood vessels, kidneys, brain and heart tissue. Hypertension can also cause:

  • Aneurysm
  • Enlarged heart of heart failure
  • Kidney failure
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Blindness
  • Dementia
  • Sexual dysfunction
High Blood Pressure and Coronavirus - PSA Insurance and Financial Services

How is Hypertension Treated?

Its treated by life style modifications like reducing salt consumption, loosing weight, exercising, and getting adequate sleep. Medication is often required to achieve a pressure of 120/80 and many individuals require more than one agent to achieve this goal. The categories of medications are:

  • Angiotensin Blockers ( Lisinopril )
  • Beta Blockers ( Metoprolol )
  • Diuretics ( Hydrochlorothiazide )
  • Calcium Channel Blockers ( Norvasc )

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